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Real time measurement of Specific Gravity
i need sensor that can help me capture S.G. values in real time and provide measurements on SCADA

The mines depends on S.G. values to allow copper and cobalt mixtures to run through the underflow of the roaster and thickener (tanks). At the moment, these readings are done manually on an hourly basis, meaning that any fluctuations in the S.G. values during the interval will go unnoticed.

The current practice results in about 2-5% of Cu and Cobalt losses in the roaster and 1-5% losses in the thickener. At times, technicians cheat various ways for fear of repercussions. This also goes unnoticed. There is absolutely no trending of the S.G. values, which is another big challenge.

Do you know of any solutions that have been implemented to get real time S.G. values on SCADA? What would you suggest could be a feasible approach to this challenge, and what type of sensors should be used?

I look forward to hearing from you.


I assume you have ruled out nuclear.

We use 2 methods with equal success:
Differential bubble tube for tanks, Coreolis for lines. The MM F series have both Mass flow and SG outputs and are very accurate.

Hope this helps,


By George Buckbee on 19 January, 2008 - 12:21 am

The most likely candidate for an on-line measurement is a Radiation Densitometer, also known as a "Gamma Guage". A Radiation emitter is placed on one side of the pipe or trough, and a receiver is placed on the other. You can guage the density of the material by seeing how much gamma radiation passes through.

There are many manufacturers:
Endress + Hauser, Kay-Ray/Sensall, Ohmart

One complication: You may be required to have special certification and inspections to handle and account for the radioactive source materials.


I have successfully used "bubble tube" to measure specific gravity of a magnatite slurry in coal mines.

Can I suggest you visit the slurry density thread, which essentially considers the same problem and where I have posted a comment on using insertion density meters of the vibrating element type? These have a history of success with slurries.