Chemical Reactor Temperature Control Example

Textbook

Sometimes we encounter a diversity of instrument signal standards in…

Classified Areas and Electrical Safety Measures

Textbook

Any physical location in an industrial facility harboring the…

Antennas and Resonant Circuits (Tank Circuits)

Textbook

Capacitors store energy in electric fields, proportional to the square…

Boiler Water Level Control System Example

Textbook

Steam boilers are very common in industry, principally because steam…

The Stuxnet Virus

Textbook

In November of 2007 a new computer virus was submitted to a virus…

Pilot Valves and Pneumatic Amplifying Relays

Textbook

Self-balancing mechanisms consisting solely of a baffle/nozzle…

PID Control Terminology

Textbook

PID control can be a confusing concept to understand. Here, a brief…

Measuring Electrical Conductivity

Textbook

The electrical conductivity of liquids is an important analytical…

Active Reading and Outlining Documentation

Textbook

Learning from reading printed text is a kind of problem-solving…

Force-balance Pressure Transmitters

Textbook

An important legacy technology for all kinds of continuous measurement…

EIA/TIA-232, 422, and 485 Networks

Textbook

Some of the simplest types of digital communication networks found in…

Valve Positioners

Textbook

The reason why a pneumatic control valve’s stem position…

Introduction to Power System Automation

Textbook

Those familiar with industrial instrumentation will find much within…

Fluid Power Systems

Textbook

Given the ability of pressurized fluids to transmit force over long…

Introduction to Inductors and Inductance

Textbook

Any conductor possesses a characteristic called inductance: the…

Sliding-stem Valves

Textbook

A sliding-stem valve body is one where the moving parts slide with a…

Electrical Signal and Control Wiring

Textbook

There is much to be said for neatness of assembly in electrical signal…

Valve Packing

Textbook

Regardless of valve type, all stem-actuated control valves require…

Quantitative PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

A quantitative PID tuning procedure is a step-by-step approach leading…

Overpressure Protection Devices

Textbook

Fluid pressure exerts force on any surface area it contacts, as…

Classical Mechanics

Textbook

Classical mechanics (often called Newtonian mechanics in honor of…

Wastewater Disinfection Example

Textbook

The final step in treating wastewater before releasing it into the…

FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1 Protocol Device Configuration and Commissioning

Textbook

Fieldbus devices require far more attention in their initial setup and…

Electrical Sources and Electronic Load

Textbook

By definition, a source is a device delivering energy into a system,…

Proportional-only Offset

Textbook

A fundamental limitation of proportional control has to do with its…

Valve Positioners

Textbook

The reason why a pneumatic control valve’s stem position…

Numerical Differentiation

Textbook

As we have seen, the concept of differentiation is finding the…

Gas Filter Correlation (GFC) Spectroscopy

Textbook

Using filter cells to eliminate wavelengths associated with…

Ratio Control

Textbook

Most people reading this book have likely had the experience of…

Basic Components Common to all Radio Systems

Textbook

“Radio” systems use electromagnetic fields to communicate…

Feedforward Control

Textbook

“Feedforward” is a rather under-used control strategy…

ANSI/IEEE Function Number Codes

Textbook

In the United States, the ANSI and IEEE organizations have…

Diagnosing Feedback Control Problems

Textbook

Negative feedback systems, in general, tend to cause much confusion…

Teaching Technical Practices (Labwork)

Textbook

Labwork is an essential part of any science-based curriculum. Here,…

Error Corrections

Textbook

Abdelaziz, Ahmed (June 2014) Identified numerous typographical errors…

Transfer Function Analysis

Textbook

An extremely important topic in engineering is that of transfer…

Digital Representation of Numerical Data

Textbook

Process measurements are often of an analog nature: the temperature of…

Analytical Measurements of Chemical Compositions

Textbook

A great many chemical composition measurements may be made indirectly…

Temperature Switches

Textbook

A temperature switch is one detecting the temperature of some…

Relating 4 to 20 mA Signals to Instrument Variables

Textbook

A 4 to 20 mA current signal represents some signal along a 0 to 100…

Legal Code

Textbook

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License By…

References

Textbook

Lipták, Béla G. et al., Instrument Engineers’ Handbook – Process…