Nothing to show for Rubber & Plastics category yet. Here are some other education that may interest you.

Calibration Standards to Produce and Measure Physical Quantities

Textbook

As previously defined, calibration refers to the checking and…

Design-based Fortifications

Textbook

A design-based fortification is one rooted in technical details of…

Analyzer Sample Systems

Textbook

Some analyzers measure the composition of a process stream by directly…

The Concept of Differentiation

Textbook

Suppose we wished to measure the rate of propane gas flow through a…

Phasors, Phase Shift and Phasor Algebra

Textbook

Phasors are to AC circuit quantities as polarity is to DC circuit…

Digital Representation of Numerical Data

Textbook

Process measurements are often of an analog nature: the temperature of…

Integral (Reset) Control

Textbook

Imagine a liquid-level control system for a vessel, where the position…

Instrument and Process Equipment Symbols

Textbook

This section shows some of the many instrument symbols found in…

Positive Displacement Flowmeters

Textbook

A positive displacement flowmeter is a cyclic mechanism built to pass…

Radiation Level Measurement

Textbook

Certain types of nuclear radiation easily penetrates the walls of…

References

Textbook

Lipták, Béla G. et al., Instrument Engineers’ Handbook – Process…

Derivative (Rate) Control

Textbook

The final element of PID control is the “D” term, which…

Hand Switches and Stackable Switches

Textbook

A hand switch is exactly what the name implies: an electrical switch…

Process/Instrument Suitability

Textbook

Every flow-measuring instrument exploits a physical principle to…

Overpressure Protection Devices

Textbook

Fluid pressure exerts force on any surface area it contacts, as…

Scientific System diagnosis and Scientific Reasoning

Textbook

At the root of successful system diagnosis is a rigorous adherence to…

Temperature Switches

Textbook

A temperature switch is one detecting the temperature of some…

Calibration Procedures in Linear, Non-Linear and Discrete Instruments

Textbook

As described earlier in this chapter, calibration refers to the…

Loop Diagrams (Loop Sheets)

Textbook

Finally, we arrive at the loop diagram (sometimes called a loop sheet)…

Feedforward with Dynamic Compensation

Textbook

As we have seen, feedforward control is a way to improve the stability…

Introduction to Calculus

Textbook

Few areas of mathematics are as powerfully useful in describing and…

Techniques for Analyzing Control Strategies

Textbook

Control strategies such as cascade, ratio, feedforward, and those…

Laser Spectroscopy

Textbook

A laser is a light source emitting waves of light that not only…

References

Textbook

Lipták, Béla G. et al., Instrument Engineers’ Handbook – Process…

Cascade Control

Textbook

A simple control system drawn in block diagram form looks like this:…

Colorimetric and Potentiometric pH Measurement

Textbook

pH is the measurement of the hydrogen ion activity in a liquid…

Molecular Quantities

Textbook

Sample sizes of chemical substances are often measured in moles. One…

Elementary Thermodynamics

Textbook

Thermodynamics is the study of heat, temperature, and their related…

Positive Displacement Flowmeters

Textbook

A positive displacement flowmeter is a cyclic mechanism built to pass…

Feedforward Control

Textbook

“Feedforward” is a rather under-used control strategy…

Tuning PID Controllers

Textbook

Learning how to tune PID controllers is a skill born of much practice.…

Wastewater Disinfection Example

Textbook

The final step in treating wastewater before releasing it into the…

Electrical Pressure Elements

Textbook

Several different technologies exist for the conversion of fluid…

Valve Failure Mode

Textbook

An important design parameter of a control valve is the position it…

Level Switches

Textbook

A level switch is one detecting the level of liquid or solid (granules…

Basics of Bridge Circuits

Textbook

A bridge circuit is basically a pair of voltage dividers where the…

Radio-energy Pulse in Guided-wave Radar Level Measurement

Textbook

The following animation shows how a radio-energy pulse travels down…

Understanding the Calculus Concepts of Differentiation and Integration

Textbook

The following animation shows the calculus concepts of differentiation…

Electromagnetism Basics

Textbook

The fundamental principle of electromagnetism is that an electric…

Bi-metal Temperature Sensors

Textbook

Solids tend to expand when heated. The amount that a solid sample will…