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FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1 Protocol Physical Layer

Textbook

Layer 1 of the OSI Reference Model is where we define the…

Applications of Spectroscopy for Analytical Measurement

Textbook

Much of our knowledge about atomic structure comes from experimental…

Heuristic PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

In contrast to quantitative tuning procedures where definite numerical…

Process/Instrument Suitability

Textbook

Every flow-measuring instrument exploits a physical principle to…

Basics of Electrical Current

Textbook

Current is the name we give to the motion of electric charges from a…

New Content

Textbook

Coy, John J. et. al. (December 2012) Sampled graphic illustrations…

Common Educational Fallacies

Textbook

When I began teaching full-time in 1998, most of what I thought I…

Introduction to Inductors and Inductance

Textbook

Any conductor possesses a characteristic called inductance: the…

Thermocouple Types, Junctions, Connector and Tip Styles

Textbook

RTDs are completely passive sensing elements, requiring the…

Fluorescence Measurement

Textbook

When a high-energy photon strikes an atom, it may eject one of the…

Analog Electronic PID Controllers

Textbook

Although analog electronic process controllers are considered a newer…

Input/Output (I/O) capabilities of PLCs

Textbook

Every programmable logic controller must have some means of receiving…

Diagnosing Feedback Control Problems

Textbook

Negative feedback systems, in general, tend to cause much confusion…

Unit Conversions and Physical Constants

Textbook

Converting between disparate units of measurement is the bane of many…

Proportional-only Offset

Textbook

A fundamental limitation of proportional control has to do with its…

Electronic Structure

Textbook

Earlier in this chapter you were shown a model of a nitrogen atom with…

Insertion Flowmeters

Textbook

This section does not describe a particular type of flowmeter, but…

Ultrasonic (Sound) Echo Level Measurement

Textbook

A completely different way of measuring liquid level in vessels is to…

Boiler Water Level Control System Example

Textbook

Steam boilers are very common in industry, principally because steam…

On/off Electric Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

An electric motor is often used as a discrete control element in a…

Basic Operation of a Gas Chromatograph

Textbook

This animation shows the basic operation of a gas chromatograph,…

Displacement and Displacer Level Instrumentation

Textbook

Displacer level instruments exploit Archimedes’ Principle to…

4 to 20 mA Analog Current Signals

Textbook

The most popular form of signal transmission used in modern industrial…

Mathematical Problem-solving Techniques

Textbook

Some problem-solving techniques are unique to quantitative problems,…

Fundamental Principles of Industrial Instrumentation

Textbook

Shown here is a partial listing of principles applied in the subject…

FOUNDATION Fieldbus Function Blocks

Textbook

Data-processing modules within FF systems are known as function…

2-wire (“loop-powered”) Transmitter Current Loops

Textbook

It is possible to convey electrical power and communicate analog…

Fluid Mechanics

Textbook

A fluid is any substance having the ability to flow: to freely change…

Conservation Laws

Textbook

The Law of Mass Conservation states that matter can neither be created…

Diagnosing Feedback Control Problems

Textbook

Negative feedback systems, in general, tend to cause much confusion…

Gas Filter Correlation (GFC) Spectroscopy

Textbook

Using filter cells to eliminate wavelengths associated with…

Electronic Structure

Textbook

Earlier in this chapter you were shown a model of a nitrogen atom with…

Measuring Electrical Conductivity

Textbook

The electrical conductivity of liquids is an important analytical…

Self-regulating, Integrating, and Runaway Process Characteristics

Textbook

Perhaps the most important rule of controller tuning is to know the…

Directional Overcurrent (67) Protection

Textbook

While 50 and 51 (instantaneous and time overcurrent) relay functions…

Wastewater Disinfection Example

Textbook

The final step in treating wastewater before releasing it into the…

Understanding Electrical Power Grids

Textbook

The term “grid” refers to the conductors and equipment…

Difference Between Calibration and Re-ranging

Textbook

To calibrate an instrument means to check and adjust (if necessary)…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Pneumatic Instruments

Textbook

The disadvantages of pneumatic instruments are painfully evident to…

Sequential Function Chart (SFC) Programming

Textbook

(Will be addressed in future versions of this book)