Latest Simulation Education

Categories

Dimensional Analysis

Textbook

An interesting parallel to the “unity fraction” unit…

Electrical Sensors: Potential Transformers (PTs) and Current Transformers (CTs)

Textbook

The two “process variables” we rely on most heavily in the…

Ladder Diagram (LD) Structure Commands

Textbook

The simple PLC ladder diagram (LD) commands consist of contacts and…

Polyphase AC Power

Textbook

“Polyphase” means “many phases,” describing a…

Differential (87) Current Protection

Textbook

One of the fundamental laws of electric circuits is Kirchhoff’s…

Vibration Monitoring Hardware

Textbook

The following photograph shows a large air blower in a wastewater…

Split-range Control

Textbook

There are many process control applications in the industry where it…

Non-dispersive Luft Detector Spectroscopy

Textbook

Non-dispersive analysis, while newer in discovery than dispersive…

Calibration Standards to Produce and Measure Physical Quantities

Textbook

As previously defined, calibration refers to the checking and…

Analysis of Practical Pneumatic Instruments

Textbook

To better understand the design and operation of self-balancing…

Teaching Diagnostic Principles and Practices

Textbook

Diagnostic ability is arguably the most difficult skill to develop…

Control Valve Sizing

Textbook

When control valves operate between fully open and fully shut, they…

Teaching Technical Theory

Textbook

Learning is not merely a process of information transfer. It is first…

Displacement and Displacer Level Instrumentation

Textbook

Displacer level instruments exploit Archimedes’ Principle to…

Feedforward with Dynamic Compensation

Textbook

As we have seen, feedforward control is a way to improve the stability…

How to Teach Yourself PLC Programming

Textbook

Learning PLC programming is a very important skill. If your job…

Legal Code

Textbook

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License By…

Digital PID Algorithms

Textbook

Instrument technicians should not have to concern themselves over the…

Transformer Basics and Principles of Operation

Textbook

The transformer is one of the most important components in all of AC…

Self-regulating, Integrating, and Runaway Process Characteristics

Textbook

Perhaps the most important rule of controller tuning is to know the…

Control Valve Sizing

Textbook

When control valves operate between fully open and fully shut, they…

Electrical Sensors: Potential Transformers (PTs) and Current Transformers (CTs)

Textbook

The two “process variables” we rely on most heavily in the…

High-reliability Control Systems

Textbook

As discussed at the beginning of this chapter, instrumentation safety…

Differential (87) Current Protection

Textbook

One of the fundamental laws of electric circuits is Kirchhoff’s…

Feedforward with Dynamic Compensation

Textbook

As we have seen, feedforward control is a way to improve the stability…

Teaching Diagnostic Principles and Practices

Textbook

Diagnostic ability is arguably the most difficult skill to develop…

Split-range Control

Textbook

There are many process control applications in the industry where it…

Analog Electronic PID Controllers

Textbook

Constructing PID control systems using discrete components is a…

Transfer Function Analysis

Textbook

An extremely important topic in engineering is that of transfer…

Calibration Standards to Produce and Measure Physical Quantities

Textbook

As previously defined, calibration refers to the checking and…

Non-dispersive Luft Detector Spectroscopy

Textbook

Non-dispersive analysis, while newer in discovery than dispersive…

Polyphase AC Power

Textbook

“Polyphase” means “many phases,” describing a…

Numerical Integration

Textbook

As we have seen, the concept of integration is finding the…

Examples of PLC Systems

Textbook

Programmable logic controllers are essentially nothing more than…

How to Teach Yourself PLC Programming

Textbook

Learning PLC programming is a very important skill. If your job…

Ladder Diagram (LD) Structure Commands

Textbook

The simple PLC ladder diagram (LD) commands consist of contacts and…

Circuit Failure Analysis

Textbook

Perhaps the most valuable skill an instrument technician can possess…

Ultrasonic (Sound) Echo Level Measurement

Textbook

A completely different way of measuring liquid level in vessels is to…

Velocity-based Flowmeters

Textbook

The Law of Continuity for fluids states that the product of mass…

Calibration Errors and Testing

Textbook

The efficient identification and correction of instrument calibration…

DC Motor Speed Control

Textbook

DC electric motors generate torque by a reaction between two magnetic…

Design-based Fortifications

Textbook

A design-based fortification is one rooted in technical details of…

Control Valve Characterization

Textbook

Control valves are supposed to deliver reliable, repeatable control of…

Split-range Control

Textbook

There are many process control applications in the industry where it…

“Normal” status of a Process Switch

Textbook

Perhaps the most confusing aspect of discrete sensors is the…

Numerical Integration

Textbook

As we have seen, the concept of integration is finding the…

Quantitative PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

A quantitative PID tuning procedure is a step-by-step approach leading…

Symbolic Versus Numerical Calculus

Textbook

Calculus has a reputation for being difficult to learn, and with good…

Ladder Diagram (LD) Programming Contacts and Coils

Textbook

In the United States, the most common language used to program PLCs is…

PID Control Terminology

Textbook

PID control can be a confusing concept to understand. Here, a brief…

Classified Areas and Electrical Safety Measures

Textbook

Any physical location in an industrial facility harboring the…

Valve Failure Modes

Textbook

An important design parameter of a control valve is the position it…

P, I, and D Responses Graphed

Textbook

Visualizing the actions of P, I, and D tuning parameters using graphs…

Thermocouple Types, Junctions, Connector and Tip Styles

Textbook

RTDs are completely passive sensing elements, requiring the…

Flow Switches

Textbook

A flow switch is one detecting the flow of some fluid through a pipe.…

Teaching Technical Practices (Labwork)

Textbook

Labwork is an essential part of any science-based curriculum. Here,…

The Concept of Integration

Textbook

Suppose we wished to measure the consumption of propane over time for…

Chemiluminescence Measurement

Textbook

Recall that an exothermic chemical reaction is one that releases a net…

Vibration Physics

Textbook

One very convenient feature of waves is that their properties are…

Relation Control

Textbook

A control strategy similar to ratio control is relation control. This…