Nothing to show for Metal category yet. Here are some other education that may interest you.

Boiler Water Level Control System Example

Textbook

Steam boilers are very common in industry, principally because steam…

Vibration Monitoring Hardware

Textbook

The following photograph shows a large air blower in a wastewater…

Pilot Valves and Pneumatic Amplifying Relays

Textbook

Self-balancing mechanisms consisting solely of a baffle/nozzle…

Non-dispersive Luft Detector Spectroscopy

Textbook

Non-dispersive analysis, while newer in discovery than dispersive…

Digital Representation of Text

Textbook

Binary patterns are not just able to represent numerical values. Given…

Rotating Magnetic Fields in Three-phase AC Induction Motors

Textbook

The following animation shows how the “rotating” magnetic…

Feedforward Control

Textbook

“Feedforward” is a rather under-used control strategy…

Pressure Switches

Textbook

A pressure switch is one detecting the presence of fluid pressure.…

Basic Feedback Control Principles

Textbook

Before we begin our discussion on process control, we must define a…

Stoichiometry and the Law of Mass Conservation

Textbook

Stoichiometry is the accounting of atoms before and after a chemical…

Zero and Span Adjustments (Analog Instruments)

Textbook

The purpose of calibration is to ensure the input and output of an…

Classical Mechanics

Textbook

Classical mechanics (often called Newtonian mechanics in honor of…

Actuator Bench-set

Textbook

Valve actuators provide force to move control valve trim. For precise…

Pipe and Pipe Fittings

Textbook

Pipe is a hollow structure designed to provide an enclosed pathway for…

Phasors, Phase Shift and Phasor Algebra

Textbook

Phasors are to AC circuit quantities as polarity is to DC circuit…

An Analogy for Calibration Vs Ranging

Textbook

The concepts of calibration (trimming) and ranging are often difficult…

What is Internet Protocol (IP)?

Textbook

I remember first learning about the world-wide Internet, and wondering…

Common Diagnostic Mistakes in Control Systems

Textbook

Volumes could be written about poor diagnostic technique. The…

Physics and Chemistry Terminology and Definitions

Textbook

Atom: the smallest unit of matter that may be isolated by chemical…

Unit Conversions and Physical Constants

Textbook

Converting between disparate units of measurement is the bane of many…

Function Block Diagram (FBD) Programming

Textbook

(Will be addressed in future versions of this book)

Fluorescence Measurement

Textbook

When a high-energy photon strikes an atom, it may eject one of the…

Digital Representation of Text

Textbook

Binary patterns are not just able to represent numerical values. Given…

What is Hydrostatic Pressure?

Textbook

A vertical column of fluid generates a pressure at the bottom of the…

Introduction to Power System Automation

Textbook

Those familiar with industrial instrumentation will find much within…

Polyphase AC Power

Textbook

“Polyphase” means “many phases,” describing a…

Tube and Tube Fittings

Textbook

Tube, like pipe, is a hollow structure designed to provide an enclosed…

Digital Multimeter (DMM) Tips and Tricks

Textbook

The digital multimeter (DMM) is quite possibly the most useful tool in…

A Comparison of PID Controller Tuning Techniques

Textbook

In this section I will show screenshots from a process loop simulation…

Introduction to Optical Analysis

Textbook

Light is known to interact with matter in very specific ways, which…

Difference Between Calibration and Re-ranging

Textbook

To calibrate an instrument means to check and adjust (if necessary)…

Functional Diagrams: the Flow of Information within a Control System

Textbook

A unique form of technical diagram for describing the abstract…

Limit, Selector, and Override Controls

Textbook

Another category of control strategies involves the use of signal…

Process Flow Diagrams

Textbook

To show a practical process example, let’s examine three…

Flow Measurement in Open Channels

Textbook

Measuring the flow rate of liquid through an open channel is not…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Pneumatic Instruments

Textbook

The disadvantages of pneumatic instruments are painfully evident to…

Vibration Monitoring Hardware

Textbook

The following photograph shows a large air blower in a wastewater…

Interposing Relays in PLCs

Textbook

In addition to directly performing logic functions, electromechanical…

Temperature Sensor Accessories

Textbook

One of the most important accessories for any temperature-sensing…

Understanding the Calculus Concepts of Differentiation and Integration

Textbook

The following animation shows the calculus concepts of differentiation…