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Nothing to show for Distributed I/O category yet. Here are some other education that may interest you.

Functional Diagrams: the Flow of Information within a Control System

Textbook

A unique form of technical diagram for describing the abstract…

Input/Output (I/O) Capabilities of PLCs

Textbook

Every programmable logic controller must have some means of receiving…

Safety Instrumented Functions and Systems

Textbook

A Safety Instrumented Function, or SIF, is one or more components…

Control Valve Actuators

Textbook

The purpose of a control valve actuator is to provide the motive force…

Relating 4 to 20 mA Signals to Instrument Variables

Textbook

A 4 to 20 mA current signal represents some signal along a 0 to 100…

PID Control Terminology

Textbook

PID control can be a confusing concept to understand. Here, a brief…

Policy-based Fortifications

Textbook

These fortifications focus on human behavior rather than system design…

FOUNDATION Fieldbus Function Blocks

Textbook

Data-processing modules within FF systems are known as function…

Limit, Selector, and Override Controls

Textbook

Another category of control strategies involves the use of signal…

Error Corrections

Textbook

Abdelaziz, Ahmed (June 2014) Identified numerous typographical errors…

Cascade Control

Textbook

A simple control system drawn in block diagram form looks like this:…

Valve Positioners

Textbook

The reason why a pneumatic control valve’s stem position…

Pressure Sensor Accessories

Textbook

Multiple accessories exist for pressure-sensing devices to function…

Digital Data Communication Theory

Textbook

One of the great benefits of digital technology is the ability to…

Sequential Function Chart (SFC) Programming

Textbook

(Will be addressed in future versions of this book)

Ladder Diagram (LD) Structure Commands

Textbook

The simple PLC ladder diagram (LD) commands consist of contacts and…

Human-Machine Interfaces (HMIs)

Textbook

Human-machine interfaces, or HMIs, are a critical part of nearly all…

WirelessHART Radio Communication Standard

Textbook

An exciting development in industrial instrumentation is the…

Interposing Relays in PLCs

Textbook

In addition to directly performing logic functions, electromechanical…

On/off Electric Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

An electric motor is often used as a discrete control element in a…

Temperature Switches

Textbook

A temperature switch is one detecting the temperature of some…

Fluid Mechanics

Textbook

A fluid is any substance having the ability to flow: to freely change…

Fluorescence Measurement

Textbook

When a high-energy photon strikes an atom, it may eject one of the…

Fiber Optic Data Communication

Textbook

Light has long been used as a long-range signaling medium. While…

The Difference Between Series and Parallel Circuits

Textbook

In addition to Ohm’s Law, we have a set of rules describing how…

Pneumatic Actuator Response

Textbook

A limitation inherent to pneumatic valve actuators is the amount of…

Stoichiometry and the Law of Mass Conservation

Textbook

Stoichiometry is the accounting of atoms before and after a chemical…

References

Textbook

Lipták, Béla G. et al., Instrument Engineers’ Handbook – Process…

Force-balance Pressure Transmitters

Textbook

An important legacy technology for all kinds of continuous measurement…

P, I, and D Responses Graphed

Textbook

Visualizing the actions of P, I, and D tuning parameters using graphs…

Basic Components Common to all Radio Systems

Textbook

“Radio” systems use electromagnetic fields to communicate…

Laser Spectroscopy

Textbook

A laser is a light source emitting waves of light that not only…

Heuristic PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

In contrast to quantitative tuning procedures where definite numerical…

How Derivatives and Integrals Relate to One Another

Textbook

First, let us review some of the properties of differentials and…

Introduction to Capacitors and Capacitance

Textbook

Capacitance Any two electrical conductors separated by an insulating…

Input/Output (I/O) Capabilities of PLCs

Textbook

Every programmable logic controller must have some means of receiving…

Valve Seat Leakage

Textbook

In some process applications, it is important that the control valve…

Measuring Electrical Conductivity

Textbook

The electrical conductivity of liquids is an important analytical…

Integral (Reset) Control

Textbook

Imagine a liquid-level control system for a vessel, where the position…

The Basics of Control Relays

Textbook

An electromechanical relay is an electrical switch actuated by an…