Practical Measures of Reliability

Textbook

In reliability engineering, it is important to be able to quantity the…

Transfer Function Analysis

Textbook

An extremely important topic in engineering is that of transfer…

Analog Electronic PID Controllers

Textbook

Although analog electronic process controllers are considered a newer…

The s Variable: Euler’s Relation and Phasor Expressions of Waveforms

Textbook

A powerful mathematical concept useful for analyzing practically any…

Legal Code

Textbook

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License By…

Transmitter Damping Adjustments

Textbook

The vast majority of modern process transmitters (both analog and…

Thermocouple Types, Junctions, Connector and Tip Styles

Textbook

RTDs are completely passive sensing elements, requiring the…

Phasors, Phase Shift and Phasor Algebra

Textbook

Phasors are to AC circuit quantities as polarity is to DC circuit…

Problem-solving by Simplification

Textbook

A whole class of problem-solving techniques focuses on altering the…

Control Valve Characterization

Textbook

Control valves are supposed to deliver reliable, repeatable control of…

Valve Positioners

Textbook

The reason why a pneumatic control valve’s stem position…

Control Valve Actuators

Textbook

The purpose of a control valve actuator is to provide the motive force…

Distance (21) Protection

Textbook

A form of protection against faults on long-distance power lines is…

Controller Output Current Loops

Textbook

The simplest form of 4-20 mA current loop is the type used to…

Rotating Phasor in Three-dimensional Form

Textbook

The following animation shows a rotating phasor in three-dimensional…

Fluorescence Measurement

Textbook

When a high-energy photon strikes an atom, it may eject one of the…

Practical Topic Coverage

Textbook

Nearly every technical course teaches and tests students on…

Periodic Table of the Elements

Textbook

All substances are comprised of various elements in various…

Antennas and Resonant Circuits (Tank Circuits)

Textbook

Capacitors store energy in electric fields, proportional to the square…

LRV and URV Settings, Digital Trim (Digital Transmitters)

Textbook

The advent of “smart” field instruments containing…

Change-of-quantity Flow Measurement

Textbook

Flow, by definition, is the passage of material from one location to…

Troubleshooting Current Loops

Textbook

A fundamental principle in instrumentation system troubleshooting is…

Feedforward with Dynamic Compensation

Textbook

As we have seen, feedforward control is a way to improve the stability…

Directional Overcurrent (67) Protection

Textbook

While 50 and 51 (instantaneous and time overcurrent) relay functions…

Motives for Compromising the Security of an Industrial Control System

Textbook

There are multiple motives for compromising the security of an…

Fiber Optic Data Communication

Textbook

Light has long been used as a long-range signaling medium. While…

Tuning PID Controllers

Textbook

Learning how to tune PID controllers is a skill born of much practice.…

Structured Text (ST) Programming

Textbook

(Will be addressed in future versions of this book)

the Negative Consequences of Poor PID Controller Tuning

Textbook

Much has been written about the benefits of robust PID control.…

Control Valve Sizing

Textbook

When control valves operate between fully open and fully shut, they…

Techniques for Analyzing Control Strategies

Textbook

Control strategies such as cascade, ratio, feedforward, and those…

Motives for Compromising the Security of an Industrial Control System

Textbook

There are multiple motives for compromising the security of an…

Dimensional Analysis

Textbook

An interesting parallel to the “unity fraction” unit…

Policy-based Fortifications

Textbook

These fortifications focus on human behavior rather than system design…

Overpressure Protection Devices

Textbook

Fluid pressure exerts force on any surface area it contacts, as…

the Negative Consequences of Poor PID Controller Tuning

Textbook

Much has been written about the benefits of robust PID control.…

Radiation Level Measurement

Textbook

Certain types of nuclear radiation easily penetrates the walls of…

Interposing Relays in PLCs

Textbook

In addition to directly performing logic functions, electromechanical…

Electrical Signal and Control Wiring

Textbook

There is much to be said for neatness of assembly in electrical signal…

Transmitter Damping Adjustments

Textbook

The vast majority of modern process transmitters (both analog and…

Control Valve Characterization

Textbook

Control valves are supposed to deliver reliable, repeatable control of…

Laminar Flowmeters

Textbook

A unique form of differential pressure-based flow measurement deserves…

Teaching Technical Practices (Labwork)

Textbook

Labwork is an essential part of any science-based curriculum. Here,…

Radiative Temperature Measurement

Textbook

Temperature measurement devices may be classified into two broad…

Change-of-quantity Flow Measurement

Textbook

Flow, by definition, is the passage of material from one location to…

Heuristic PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

In contrast to quantitative tuning procedures where definite numerical…

EIA/TIA-232, 422, and 485 Networks

Textbook

Some of the simplest types of digital communication networks found in…

References

Textbook

Lipták, Béla G. et al., Instrument Engineers’ Handbook – Process…

Non-contact Temperature Sensors

Textbook

Virtually any mass above absolute zero temperature emits…