Latest Nuclear Education

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Radiation Level Measurement

Textbook

Certain types of nuclear radiation easily penetrates the walls of…

Elementary Thermodynamics

Textbook

Thermodynamics is the study of heat, temperature, and their related…

Safety Instrumented Functions and Systems

Textbook

A Safety Instrumented Function, or SIF, is one or more components…

Indicators, Recorders, Process Switches and Alarms

Textbook

So far we have just looked at instruments that sense, control, and…

Atomic Theory and Chemical Symbols

Textbook

The three “elementary” particles of matter comprising all…

Self-regulating, Integrating, and Runaway Process Characteristics

Textbook

Perhaps the most important rule of controller tuning is to know the…

The Stuxnet Virus

Textbook

In November of 2007 a new computer virus was submitted to a virus…

Chemical Reactor Temperature Control Example

Textbook

Sometimes we encounter a diversity of instrument signal standards in…

Velocity-based Flowmeters

Textbook

The Law of Continuity for fluids states that the product of mass…

Atomic Theory and Chemical Symbols

Textbook

The three “elementary” particles of matter comprising all…

Resistance, Reactance and Impedance

Textbook

Electrical Resistance Resistance (\(R\)) is the dissipative opposition…

Interconnected Generators

Textbook

Any power grid large enough to meet the demand of an entire nation…

Safety Instrumented Functions and Systems

Textbook

A Safety Instrumented Function, or SIF, is one or more components…

What is Hydrostatic Pressure?

Textbook

A vertical column of fluid generates a pressure at the bottom of the…

Practical Topic Coverage

Textbook

Nearly every technical course teaches and tests students on…

4 to 20 mA Analog Current Signals

Textbook

The most popular form of signal transmission used in modern industrial…

Control Valve Actuators

Textbook

The purpose of a control valve actuator is to provide the motive force…

Flow Measurement in Open Channels

Textbook

Measuring the flow rate of liquid through an open channel is not…

Kirchhoff’s Current and Voltage Laws

Textbook

Two extremely important principles in electric circuits were codified…

Introduction to Modbus

Textbook

Developed by the Modicon company (the original manufacturer of the…

Mechanical Vibration Switches

Textbook

A much simpler alternative to continuous vibration sensors…

Chemiluminescence Measurement

Textbook

Recall that an exothermic chemical reaction is one that releases a net…

Stoichiometry and the Law of Mass Conservation

Textbook

Stoichiometry is the accounting of atoms before and after a chemical…

Analytical Measurements of Chemical Compositions

Textbook

A great many chemical composition measurements may be made indirectly…

The Concept of Differentiation

Textbook

Suppose we wished to measure the rate of propane gas flow through a…

Dampers and Louvres

Textbook

A damper (otherwise known as a louvre) is a multi-element flow control…

Antennas and Resonant Circuits (Tank Circuits)

Textbook

Capacitors store energy in electric fields, proportional to the square…

Measuring Electrical Conductivity

Textbook

The electrical conductivity of liquids is an important analytical…

Mechanical Pressure Elements

Textbook

Mechanical pressure-sensing elements include the bellows, the…

4-wire “Passive” Versus “Active” Output Transmitters

Textbook

Some self-powered (4-wire) analog electronic transmitters are designed…