Nothing to show for Military/Aerospace category yet. Here are some other education that may interest you.

Difference Between Calibration and Re-ranging

Textbook

To calibrate an instrument means to check and adjust (if necessary)…

Numerical Differentiation

Textbook

As we have seen, the concept of differentiation is finding the…

Positive Displacement Flowmeters

Textbook

A positive displacement flowmeter is a cyclic mechanism built to pass…

Electrical Sensors: Potential Transformers (PTs) and Current Transformers (CTs)

Textbook

The two “process variables” we rely on most heavily in the…

On/off Control (Bang-bang Control)

Textbook

Once while working as an instrument technician in an aluminum foundry,…

the Negative Consequences of Poor PID Controller Tuning

Textbook

Much has been written about the benefits of robust PID control.…

General Problem-solving Techniques

Textbook

A variety of problem-solving techniques have been presented for…

P, I, and D Responses Graphed

Textbook

A very helpful method for understanding the operation of proportional,…

Heuristic PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

In contrast to quantitative tuning procedures where definite numerical…

Level Gauges (Sightglasses)

Textbook

Level gauges are perhaps the simplest indicating instrument for liquid…

Physics and Chemistry Terminology and Definitions

Textbook

Atom: the smallest unit of matter that may be isolated by chemical…

Temperature Sensor Accessories

Textbook

One of the most important accessories for any temperature-sensing…

VSD and VFD Motor Drive Features

Textbook

Modern DC and AC motor drives provide features useful when using…

Vibration Physics

Textbook

One very convenient feature of waves is that their properties are…

Understanding the Calculus Concepts of Differentiation and Integration

Textbook

The following animation shows the calculus concepts of differentiation…

Differential (87) Current Protection

Textbook

One of the fundamental laws of electric circuits is Kirchhoff’s…

Feedforward with Dynamic Compensation

Textbook

As we have seen, feedforward control is a way to improve the stability…

Proximity Switches

Textbook

A proximity switch is one detecting the proximity (closeness) of some…

Electronic Structure

Textbook

Earlier in this chapter you were shown a model of a nitrogen atom with…

High-reliability Control Systems

Textbook

As discussed at the beginning of this chapter, instrumentation safety…

Energy in Chemical Reactions

Textbook

A chemical reaction resulting in a net release of energy is called…

Limit, Selector, and Override Controls

Textbook

Another category of control strategies involves the use of signal…

Analog Signal Conditioning and Referencing

Textbook

Modern analog-to-digital converters are phenomenally accurate,…

Wastewater Disinfection Example

Textbook

The final step in treating wastewater before releasing it into the…

Relating 4 to 20 mA Signals to Instrument Variables

Textbook

A 4 to 20 mA current signal represents some signal along a 0 to 100…

Electrical Sensors: Potential Transformers (PTs) and Current Transformers (CTs)

Textbook

The two “process variables” we rely on most heavily in the…

Use of Line Reactors

Textbook

Regulating the electric power sent to an electric motor is a task…

Instrument Identification Tags

Textbook

Up until this point, we have explored various types of instrumentation…

Resistance, Reactance and Impedance

Textbook

Resistance (\(R\)) is the dissipative opposition to an electric…

Non-dispersive Luft Detector Spectroscopy

Textbook

Non-dispersive analysis, while newer in discovery than dispersive…

Derivative (Rate) Control

Textbook

The final element of PID control is the “D” term, which…

Classical Mechanics

Textbook

Classical mechanics (often called Newtonian mechanics in honor of…

Root Mean Square (RMS) Quantities

Textbook

It is often useful to express the amplitude of an alternating quantity…

Interconnected Generators

Textbook

Any power grid large enough to meet the demand of an entire nation…

A Comparison of PID Controller Tuning Techniques

Textbook

In this section I will show screenshots from a process loop simulation…

Distance (21) Protection

Textbook

A form of protection against faults on long-distance power lines is…

Instantaneous and Time-overcurrent (50/51) Protection

Textbook

Perhaps the most basic and necessary protective relay function is…

Classified Areas and Electrical Safety Measures

Textbook

Any physical location in an industrial facility harboring the…

Metering Pumps

Textbook

A very common method for directly controlling low flow rates of fluids…

The HART Digital/Analog Hybrid Standard

Textbook

A technological advance introduced in the late 1980’s was HART,…