Basic Components Common to all Radio Systems

Textbook

“Radio” systems use electromagnetic fields to communicate…

Dampers and Louvres

Textbook

A damper (otherwise known as a louvre) is a multi-element flow control…

Equivalent Series and Parallel Circuits

Textbook

Impedance in a series circuit is the orthogonal sum of resistance and…

Temperature Sensor Accessories

Textbook

One of the most important accessories for any temperature-sensing…

Auxiliary and Lockout (86) Relays

Textbook

An important type of “accessory” relay, especially for…

Logic programming in PLCs

Textbook

Although it seems each model of PLC has its own idiosyncratic standard…

Common Diagnostic Mistakes in Control Systems

Textbook

Volumes could be written about poor diagnostic technique. The…

Vibration Physics

Textbook

One very convenient feature of waves is that their properties are…

Gas Filter Correlation (GFC) Spectroscopy

Textbook

Using filter cells to eliminate wavelengths associated with…

Digital Representation of Numerical Data

Textbook

Process measurements are often of an analog nature: the temperature of…

Heuristic PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

In contrast to quantitative tuning procedures where definite numerical…

Digital Multimeter (DMM) Tips and Tricks

Textbook

The digital multimeter (DMM) is quite possibly the most useful tool in…

Distance (21) Protection

Textbook

A form of protection against faults on long-distance power lines is…

FOUNDATION Fieldbus Function Blocks

Textbook

Data-processing modules within FF systems are known as function…

“Normal” status of a Process Switch

Textbook

Perhaps the most confusing aspect of discrete sensors is the…

Differential Pressure Transmitters

Textbook

One of the most common, and most useful, pressure measuring…

How Derivatives and Integrals Relate to One Another

Textbook

First, let us review some of the properties of differentials and…

New Content

Textbook

Coy, John J. et. al. (December 2012) Sampled graphic illustrations…

Pneumatic Actuator Response

Textbook

A limitation inherent to pneumatic valve actuators is the amount of…

Periodic Table of the Ions

Textbook

Pressure-based Flowmeters

Textbook

All masses require force to accelerate (we can also think of this in…

Non-dispersive Luft Detector Spectroscopy

Textbook

Non-dispersive analysis, while newer in discovery than dispersive…

Auxiliary and Lockout (86) Relays

Textbook

An important type of “accessory” relay, especially for…

AC Motor Speed Control

Textbook

AC induction motors are based on the principle of a rotating magnetic…

Examples of PLC Systems

Textbook

Programmable logic controllers are essentially nothing more than…

Heuristic PID Tuning Procedures

Textbook

In contrast to quantitative tuning procedures where definite numerical…

VSD and VFD Motor Drive Features

Textbook

Modern DC and AC motor drives provide features useful when using…

Atomic Theory and Chemical Symbols

Textbook

The three “elementary” particles of matter comprising all…

What are Simple Machines?

Textbook

A machine in the broad sense of the word is any device designed to…

Policy-based Fortifications

Textbook

These fortifications focus on human behavior rather than system design…

Distance (21) Protection

Textbook

A form of protection against faults on long-distance power lines is…

Metric Prefixes and Prefix Scale

Textbook

Level Sensor Accessories

Textbook

Disturbances in the liquid tend to complicate liquid level…

Structured Text (ST) Programming

Textbook

(Will be addressed in future versions of this book)

Teaching Technical Practices (Labwork)

Textbook

Labwork is an essential part of any science-based curriculum. Here,…

Directional Overcurrent (67) Protection

Textbook

While 50 and 51 (instantaneous and time overcurrent) relay functions…

On/off Electric Motor Control Circuits

Textbook

An electric motor is often used as a discrete control element in a…

Circuit Breakers and Disconnects

Textbook

Circuit breakers are the “final control elements” of the…

Unit Conversions and Physical Constants

Textbook

Converting between disparate units of measurement is the bane of many…

General Problem-solving Techniques

Textbook

A variety of problem-solving techniques have been presented for…

Pressure Switches

Textbook

A pressure switch is one detecting the presence of fluid pressure.…