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Nothing to show for Collaborative Robots category yet. Here are some other education that may interest you.

the Negative Consequences of Poor PID Controller Tuning

Textbook

Much has been written about the benefits of robust PID control.…

Practical PID Controller Features

Textbook

In order for any PID controller to be practical, it must be able to do…

Controller Output Current Loops

Textbook

The simplest form of 4-20 mA current loop is the type used to…

A Comparison of PID Controller Tuning Techniques

Textbook

In this section I will show screenshots from a process loop simulation…

Bi-metal Temperature Sensors

Textbook

Solids tend to expand when heated. The amount that a solid sample will…

Root Mean Square (RMS) Quantities

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It is often useful to express the amplitude of an alternating quantity…

Basics of Bridge Circuits

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A bridge circuit is basically a pair of voltage dividers where the…

LRV and URV Settings, Digital Trim (Digital Transmitters)

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The advent of “smart” field instruments containing…

Use of Line Reactors

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Regulating the electric power sent to an electric motor is a task…

Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP)

Textbook

At the next OSI Reference Model layer (layer 4) is a set of protocols…

Functional Diagrams: the Flow of Information within a Control System

Textbook

A unique form of technical diagram for describing the abstract…

Instantaneous and Time-overcurrent (50/51) Protection

Textbook

Perhaps the most basic and necessary protective relay function is…

Level Sensor Accessories

Textbook

Disturbances in the liquid tend to complicate liquid level…

Force-balance Pressure Transmitters

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An important legacy technology for all kinds of continuous measurement…

Phasors, Phase Shift and Phasor Algebra

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Phasors are to AC circuit quantities as polarity is to DC circuit…

Radiation Level Measurement

Textbook

Certain types of nuclear radiation easily penetrates the walls of…

Understanding Electrical Power Grids

Textbook

The term “grid” refers to the conductors and equipment…

Positive Displacement Flowmeters

Textbook

A positive displacement flowmeter is a cyclic mechanism built to pass…

Open-ended, Shorted and Properly Terminated Transmission Lines

Textbook

Many years ago, when I was first learning about electricity, I…

Logic Programming in PLCs

Textbook

Although it seems each model of PLC has its own idiosyncratic standard…

True Mass Flowmeters

Textbook

Many traditional flowmeter technologies respond to the volumetric flow…

Equivalent Series and Parallel Circuits

Textbook

Impedance in a series circuit is the orthogonal sum of resistance and…

Continuous Float Level Transmitters

Textbook

Perhaps the simplest form of solid or liquid level measurement is with…

Examples of PLC Systems

Textbook

Programmable logic controllers are essentially nothing more than…